And we’re off to Scotland in our ‘Reflections of the past and mirrors to the future…’
It’s a wee country, full of contradictions and BIG surprises! In Scotland, you can…
- See tiny, stone cottages nestled at the foot of huge, rugged mountains
- Watch ominous steel-grey clouds part suddenly to reveal vivid blue skies and bright sunshine
- Look in awe at ancient castles that stand proudly in the middle of busy city centers, or rest on the edge of rocky shorelines
- Compare the dark, bottomless waters of inland lochs, with the jeweled aquamarine coastlines of the tiny islands”
The Legend and History of the Scottish Thistle
The Thistle has been recognized as a Scottish symbol for centuries, and the legend surrounding it goes back about 800 years.
In the 13th Century, Norse invaders (under orders from King Haakon IV of Norway) attempted to spring a ‘surprise night-raid’ on a portion of King Alexander III’s army in Northern Scotland.
So that they wouldn’t wake the sleeping Scots, the Vikings crept stealthily (and barefoot) across the Scottish landscape.
Unfortunately for them, they weren’t aware of the abundant growth of Scottish Thistles, and when an unlucky Norseman happened to step on the vicious thorns of this native plant, his cries gave away the raiding party’s whereabouts!
The Scottish army sprang into action and were victorious in battle. Naturally superstitious and big on symbolism, the Scots declared the Thistle to have been their savior, and this humble plant became a celebrity.
Five Stereotypes of Scotsmen
Most people, when you ask them what they know about Scotsmen, answer that they imagine a tall, strong man with fiery red hair, dressed in a kilt, standing on a cliff on a misty morn, playing bagpipes, possibly with some sheep in the background. Here are some myths and stereotypes about Scottish people that are not entirely true Scotsmen (condensed and paraphrased from the Scotland blog):
Scotsmen are miserly and reserved because of the hardship their nation went through
What many consider greed is actually being practical. It is often said that expenses are being cut in various fields, but Scotland is developing at least as well as the rest of Great Britain, in some areas even better. Immigrants praise the way they were welcomed by native Scotsmen.
Scottish dishes are inedible
This is probably a myth that origins from the famous haggis dish (a mixture of minced heart, lungs, and liver of a sheep or calf mixed with suet, onions, oatmeal, and seasonings), which, for many can be a bit overwhelming. But many well-known, delicious dishes come from Scotland: Tattie scones, Dundee cake – which is known for its rich flavor – they all come from Scottish cuisine.
Scottish economy stands on sheep
Yes, Scotland is known for its sheep. But in recent years sheep breeding business is shrinking rapidly – it is seven hundred thousand pieces smaller than it was seven years ago. Scotland also has a good coal mining base, oil extraction on the North Sea shelf, well developed metallurgical, mechanical, chemical and electrical industries.
Men that wear kilts are always cold
It is actually really difficult to feel cold in a kilt. For one, it is almost 23 feet of thick wool covering the area from waist to knees – that in itself is plenty to keep one warm. Aside from that, there are the woolen socks covering the lower legs – if anything, it can only be too warm. And that actually ties with another stereotype – that
Scottish men don’t wear anything under their kilts.
It depends on the person, but sometimes adding another layer to the 23 feet of wool could really be a bit much.
“Yer a long time dead”…
is an old but familiar Scottish saying, ‘You’re a long time dead’. Seems like an obvious enough statement. But, wait, try this meaning: ‘Enjoy life, because once you’re dead you’re going to be that way for a long time!’ Not a very uplifting thought, but true all the same. And part of my enjoyment in life comes from learning my ancestral family’s origins and any possible connections to my past that may have influenced who I am today. And equally important, sharing these facts and stories as a legacy to future generations.
So why Scotland?
Up to this point, posts have primarily focused on family roots in England, New England, and Virginia. Yet, my genetic ethnicity reveals 85 percent of my family’s origins began hundreds and thousands of years ago in the British Isles. As you can see on the map above, the British Isles includes the United Kingdom (UK), Ireland, and Scotland in the uppermost northern section of the UK—and we haven’t yet begun to address my Scottish heritage that includes the Scottish wealth and royalty, stories of treason, exile, and executions. So let’s begin.
My 10th Great Grandfather, William Ruthven, 4th Lord of Ruthven and 1st Earl of Gowrie (c. 1541 – 1584)
William Ruthven 1st Earl of Gowrie (1541 – 1584)
is my 10th great grandfather
William Gulielm Ruthven Ruffin (1617 – 1674)
son of William Ruthven 1st Earl of Gowrie
Robert Ruffin (1646 – 1694)
son of William Gulielm Ruthven Ruffin
Elizabeth RUFFIN (1685 – 1761)
daughter of Robert Ruffin
Patience KINCHEN (1715 – 1766)
daughter of Elizabeth RUFFIN
Mary Ann Molly TAYLOR (1760 – 1825)
daughter of Patience KINCHEN
Lavina ASBURY (1784 – 1858)
daughter of Mary Ann Molly TAYLOR
Thornton A BOWLING (1802 – 1863)
son of Lavina ASBURY
Lawrence T “Larl” BOLING (1838 – 1910)
son of Thornton A BOWLING
Edward Bud Vincent BOWLING Sr (1872 – 1946)
son of Lawrence T “Larl” BOLING
Jesse Burton BOLING (1902 – 1978)
son of Edward Bud Vincent BOWLING Sr
Frank Burton BOLING (1928 – )
son of Jesse Burton BOLING
Joanne Carol BOLING
You are the daughter of Frank Burton BOLING
William Ruthven was known as Lord Ruthven between 1566 and 1581, was the second son of Patrick Ruthven, 3rd Lord Ruthven. On 4 April 1562 the queen conceded to him and his wife, Lady Dorothea Stewart, lands in the barony of Ruthven (which his father resigned to him (Reg. Mag. Sig. Scot. 1546–80, No. 1413)). Like his father Patrick, William was prominent in the political intrigues of the period and joined his father in the conspiracy against David Rizzio (private secretary of Mary, Queen of Scots), on 9 March 1566. And, on the queen’s escape to Dunbar William and his father fled to England. On the death of his father, Patrick, at Newcastle on 13 June 1566, he succeeded him as the fourth lord. William was, however, through an agreement with the queen and the Protestant lords, pardoned and permitted to return to Scotland, which he did about the end of December 1566 (Cal. State Papers, For. Ser. 1566–8, No. 872).
One of the Scottish Castles built by the Clan Ruthven family was Huntingtower Castle. It was built in stages from the 14th century and was known for several hundred years as the ‘House (or ‘Place’) of Ruthven’. In 1582 William devised the plot to seize James VI of Scotland, (son of Mary, Queen of Scots) when the king visited William’s home at Huntingtower Castle. William and his associates seized the young king and held him prisoner for 10 months. This kidnapping is known as the ‘Raid of Ruthven‘ and the Protestant conspirators behind it hoped to gain power through controlling the king.
James eventually escaped and actually forgave William, but after a second abortive attempt by William and others to overthrow James, William was finally executed and his property (including Huntingtower) was forfeited to the crown.
The Castle and lands were restored to the Ruthven family in 1586. However, in 1600, the brothers John and Alexander Ruthven were implicated in another plot to kill King James VI and were executed. This time, the king was less merciful: as well as seizing the estates, he abolished the name of Ruthven and decreed that any successors would be ineligible to hold titles or lands. Thus the House of Ruthven ceased to exist and by royal proclamation, the castle was renamed Huntingtower. The Castle remained in the possession of the crown until 1643 when it was given to the family of Murray of Tullibardine (from whom the Dukes of Atholl and Mansfield are descended).
John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl lived in the Castle with his wife Lady Mary Ross. After Lady Mary died in 1767, the castle was abandoned, except for farm laborers. Today, the Castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is open to the public and sometimes used as a venue for marriage ceremonies.
Legend of Lady Greensleeves
Huntingtower is said to be haunted by “Lady Greensleeves”, a young woman named Dorothea who was the daughter of the 1st Earl of Gowrie. The legend states that she was in love with a servant at the castle and that the two used to have clandestine meetings at night in the eastern tower, where the servants slept. One night the girl’s mother, the Countess, is supposed to have discovered what was going on and made her way across the bridge from the family’s quarters in the western tower to the eastern tower to catch the pair. Dorothea heard her mother’s footsteps on the bridge and, unable to return to the other tower by that route, made her way to the roof. Here she leaped from the tower to land safely on the battlements of the western tower and so return to bed where she was discovered by her mother. The distance between the towers was several meters and thus she accomplished quite a feat in leaping the distance. The following day the girl and her lover eloped and no records exist to tell us what happened to them.
A number of sightings of the figure of a tall young woman in a green silk dress have been seen in and around Huntingtower over the years, usually at dusk but sometimes in full daylight. Her appearance is said to be an ill omen and a forewarning of some disaster to come. A traveler staying at Huntingtower in the 1930s is reported to have seen Lady Greensleeves in a corridor of the castle. The following day he resumed his journey to Fife and was drowned when he fell from the ferry taking him across the River Tay.
The Ruthven/Ruffin Family in Virginia
According to passenger and immigration lists, the Ruthven/Ruffin family first appeared in Virginia with William Ruffin I, arriving in the Isle of Wight County in 1635. The Ruffin family lived primarily in Surry County until the early 1700’s. Wiliam’s great-grandson, Colonial John Ruffin moved to Mecklenburg County where he died in 1774. The Ruffin children went on to marry notable Virginia families such as Cocke of Surry; Nicholas of Dinwiddie who had a plantation in Southhampton called Unota on the north side of Meherrin River; and the Clack; Roane; Dandridge; Hoskins; Claiborne; Goode; Gildart; Bland; Harrison; and others; and, the Ruffin families migrated to other counties throughout Virginia and some, to North Carolina.
“Ruffin Family,” William and Mary Quarterly, 1st Series. Vol. 18, 1910