Most of us envision Pilgrims and Indians peacefully sitting down to a feast in Plymouth, Massachusetts around this time of year in the early 1600s as the “first” thanksgiving. However, the first official Thanksgiving holiday was created by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 during the American Civil War. And actually, the new settlers were Puritans and only became known as Pilgrims during the 18th century when historians started to refer to them as such.
Puritans were a group of people (primarily English and Dutch) who felt persecuted by The Church of England and King James I. They believed The Church had become a product of political struggles, man-made doctrines, and was beyond reform. To escape religious persecution from church leadership and the King, the Puritans set off to America. The term Great Migration usually refers primarily to those early settlers who escaped England and Holland in family groups and were motivated chiefly by a quest for freedom to practice their Puritan religion.
The people of the Wampanoag Tribe are known mostly as the Indians who greeted and befriended the relatively small group of families in 1620, bringing them corn, pumpkin, and turkey to help them through Plymouth’s difficult winter. Unfortunately many arrived sick or became sick shortly after arriving. In fact, about half of all women and children got sick and died. The relationship between the Puritans and Indians soured. Between the years 1620 when the first families arrived and 1640, more British colonists came to Massachusetts, displacing the Wampanoags from their traditional lands. The Wampanoag leader Metacomet, known as King Philip to the English, appealed to the British, but war ensued. The British won decisively, sold many of the Wampanoag survivors into slavery, drove the rest into hiding, and forbade the use of the Massachusett language and Wampanoag tribal names. It wasn’t until 1928 that the Wampanoag people reclaimed their tribal identity. The surviving 2,500 or so Wampanoags still live in New England.
Among our family members aboard the Mayflower was Edward Fuller, his wife Anne Hopkins, and young son, Samuel. Edward was born in 1575 in Redenhall, County Norfolk, England. His father was a butcher and his brother Samuel, a doctor and church deacon. Edward married Anne Hopkins about 1605. They lived in Leyden, Holland, for a while and joined the Pilgrims at Southampton, first aboard the Speedwell. When that ship beame unseaworthy, thePuritans transferred to the Mayflower–a cargo ship used to ship wine between England and France.
While anchored at the harbor near Cape Cod, Massachusetts in November 1620, all 41 man aboard the Mayflower drew up a document known as The Mayflower Compact to establish fair and equal laws of governing their New World and for the general good of the settlement, with the will of the majority. Edward Fuller was the twenty-first signer. He and his wife died soon after their arrival (1620-21), and are buried in unmarked graves on Coles Hill at Plymouth. After being orphaned, Samuel was brought up by his uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the Pilgrims. Samuel was the only Mayflower passenger to settle permanently in Barnstable and was one of the last surviving Mayflower passengers. It was, in fact, Samuel Fuller,son of Edward and Ann who founded Barnstable, Massachusetts. On April 8, 1635, Samuel married Jane Lothrop, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop. They were married by the infamous Captain Miles Standish at the James Cudworth house. The Fullers had 9 children. Samuel Fuller died there on October 31, 1683.
Jane Lathrop/Lothrop is my 8th great grand aunt–ancestor of my grandmother’s (Alice Lauretta Lathrop Ford) paternal “Lathrop” family.
It is my desire to collect, authenticate, analyze, preserve, and publish all relevant Family information to give my family an accurate accounting of its past. Information within this article has been gathered throughout my 20+ years of ongoing genealogical research. I wish also to thank contributors from the Ancestry.com public trees, the U.S. Census Bureau and Ancestry.com’s historical facts compilations, and similar materials and web sites dedicated to promoting Americans’ heritage and religious, moral, and societal contributions.